All posts by david

Speed up Deploy via SCP in GitLab CI/CD

Deploying thousands of small files via SCP to a server takes an inordinately long time, even via a very fast network, much longer than transferring one large file. Here’s a tutorial on my Gitlab CI setup for compressing all my deployment files into one large tarball, transferring it to to the server then uncompressing it there. 

I have been experimenting with GitLab CI/CD for use with my Swimming Management System projects for Masters Swimming Queensland. It’s a legacy project that I’m now gradually transitioning to modern standards. I’ve set up a Pipeline that will allow me to test commits in PHPUnit, then have them automatically deploy to a dev/test server. 

The project now uses both Composer and with some Angular modules it also uses NPM. In the build phase on GitLab CI, composer install is run to get the dependancies into the vendor directory. 

To do it this way, you’ll need to have shell access via ssh to your server. 

I’ve set up the test server deployment details and authentication credentials as in GitLab Variables:

Configuration of GitLab CI/CD Variables
Configuration of GitLab CI/CD Variables

In the deploy stage I’ve added the following code prior to upload via scp:

- tar -czf /tmp/build.tar.gz .
- echo "TEST_SSHPATH=${TEST_SSHPATH}" > sshenv
- sshpass -e scp -P ${TEST_SSHPORT} -r -o stricthostkeychecking=no sshenv ${TEST_SSHUSER}@${TEST_SSHHOST}:~/.ssh/environment

In this case, the target ‘.’ indicates that we are tarballing the current directory.

In the second line we create a file that contains the definition of an environment variable on the target server, which is set to the GitLab CI variable TEST_SSHPATH. TEST_SSHPATH contains the path to the root of my code deployment on the server.

Finally, we then scp this file to the target server, putting it in ~/.ssh/environment. This will mean that when we ssh into the server, that environment variable will be available to us, containing the value from the GitLab CI variable. 

Now we can transfer the build.tar.gz file and un-tar it. 

- sshpass -e scp -P ${TEST_SSHPORT} -r -o stricthostkeychecking=no /tmp/build.tar.gz ${TEST_SSHUSER}@${TEST_SSHHOST}:${TEST_SSHPATH}
- sshpass -e ssh -p ${TEST_SSHPORT} -o stricthostkeychecking=no ${TEST_SSHUSER}@${TEST_SSHHOST} "cd ${TEST_SSHPATH}; tar -zxf build.tar.gz"

The first line in this block does the transfer via scp, to our the path provided in the variable TEST_SSHPATH.

The second line, connects via ssh , changes directory to the code deployment path, then extracts the build files. Tar -zxvf removes the .tar.gz file after it’s done, so there’s no need to seperately delete it.

Before making this change, my swimman project would take 16:30 to build and install. With this change it’s down to 4:35. That’s a saving of 12 minutes which makes a big difference when deploying a quick fix to the test environment. 

Monitoring MQTT Services in an Angular Web Application

I’m going to show you how to use the Paho MQTT JavaScript implementation in an Angular application to subscribe to a topic and display the message content in a web browser.

I’ve built this as part of my ongoing project to build a custom Weather Station for my home. 


  • An Angular CLI project
  • A working MQTT Broker to access with accessible topics that are receiving messages

MQTT Packages for Angular

There’s a few MQTT related packages for Angular integration on npm. I’ve chosen to use ng2-mqtt. It works for me at this point. I did consider using ngx-mqtt, but as it’s build was marked as failing at the time of writing(13/11/2018) I decided to use the simpler ng2-mqtt.


First, set up an Angular CLI Project. I’m using Angular 7.0.3. 

Install ng2-mqtt using npm:

npm install --save ng2-mqtt

For simplicity of testing and demonstration, I’m using ng2-mqtt in my AppComponent. As I further develop my weather station display app, I’ll probably move it to a specific service for managing weather data.

Import Paho at the top of your app.component.ts:

import {Paho} from 'ng2-mqtt/mqttws31';

Add some properties for variables to the class AppComponent for storing the incoming data. Change these to match your needs:

windSpeed: Number;
windDirection: Number;

Also add a private member for the MQTT client. I’ve also put in a variable for storing the IP address or hostname of my MQTT broker. In a real world implementation you’d put this in some sort of configuration management.

private client;

mqttbroker = 'localhost';

Your AppComponent should implement OnInit:

export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

Then add a ngOnInit implementation:

ngOnInit() {
  this.client = new Paho.MQTT.Client(this.mqttbroker, Number(9001), 'wxview');
  this.client.onMessageArrived = this.onMessageArrived.bind(this);
  this.client.onConnectionLost = this.onConnectionLost.bind(this);
  this.client.connect({onSuccess: this.onConnect.bind(this)});

In this code we create a client object and tell it the address of the MQTT Broker and the port number we’re using. I’ve given my client the name ‘wxview’. We then specify callbacks that will be used for when a message is received, a connection is lost, and a connection is established.

Note when setting references to member functions that handle each event, we call the .bind(this) function. This ensures that “this” in the callback function refers to the AppComponent class, not the MQTT Client. For more information, see the Function.prototype.bind() article on Mozilla Developer Network.

Now we can set up the onConnect function:

onConnect() {

This function tells the client to subscribe to specified topics. In my case I’ve used topics that are specific to my weather station project. You can change the topics to be subscribed to for your project specific requirements.

We set up onConnectionLost as per the documentation:

onConnectionLost(responseObject) {
  if (responseObject.errorCode !== 0) {
    console.log('onConnectionLost:' + responseObject.errorMessage);

This will just log the error to the browser console if the connection is lost.

Then we build our function to handle any messages received:

onMessageArrived(message) {
  console.log('onMessageArrived: ' + message.destinationName + ': ' + message.payloadString);

  if (message.destinationName.indexOf('wind_speed') !== -1) {
    this.windSpeed = Number(message.payloadString);

  if (message.destinationName.indexOf('wind_direction') !== -1) {
    this.windDirection = Number(message.payloadString);


In this function I first log the message topic(message.destinationName) and message(message.payloadString) to the web browser console. 

I then check the topic of the message received and update the appropriate member variable.

To finally put this all together, build a template that binds to these variables:

<div class="container-fluid">
  Wind Speed: {{windSpeed}}<br />
  Wind Direction: {{windDirection}}

Now when you open your app in the browser, you’ll see the web page continually update as new MQTT messages are received by the broker. 

The Full Code

Check it out on Stackblitz.

Notes on Entry and Result Management at the Pan Pacific Masters Games Swimming 2018

Last week I attended my 3rd Pan Pacific Masters Games(PPMG) Swimming competition in the role of Chief Recorder. This is a role that I have created and developed over my time as Director of Recording for Masters Swimming Queensland, and which I believe is critically important to the running of successful large swimming meets. 

Preparing to run the meet

In 2018 we had 564 competitors in the PPMG Swimming event. Many of these entrants came from outside of Australia, with a large contingent from New Zealand, New Caledonia and China. This presents a significant challenge to handle. Manual input of entries in to the sports event management software, Hy-Tek Meet Manager, would take many days of work for volunteers. In the past it has been very prone to error. Masters Swimming Queensland has its own online entry system which interoperates with Hy-Tek Meet Manager, but it is usually open only to members.

To handle this, since 2014 I’ve developed tools which allow the data from the PPMG Administration’s entry system to be imported into the Masters Swimming Queensland system. The system uses a multistep approach which allows errors to be detected and dealt with. Every year the PPMG Administration has had a different data format for entries, so for each of the bi-annual events changes have had to be made to the system. 

In step 1, the CSV of the entries is uploaded to the MSQ Entry Manager system and a list of entries is created. In Step 2, matches between PPMG Entrants and masters swimming members known by MSQ Entry Manager are flagged and linked. In Step 3, temporary event memberships are created in the MSQ Entry Manager system for non-members and international entrants. Then in Step 4, individual event entries are created for all entrants in the MSQ Entry Manager system.

Individual event entries include what is known as a seed time. This is the entrant’s estimation of what time they expect to swim in the event. This time is used to put entrants into heats with other entrants of similar capabilities. 

As part of Step 4 mentioned above, I’ve developed Natural Language Processing technology which takes a wide variety of time formats and converts them into the internally used quantity of seconds. For instance, the correct time format for “2 minutes, 34.23” seconds is “2:34.23”, but this may be entered by users as “2:34:23” or “2.34.23”. Or it may be spelled out as “2 min 34.23 sec”. I’ve had an automatic time normalisation system in place for some time, but a newly upgraded version is now able to handle all such formats and correctly understand the intention of the user when they typed in the time. I’ll be publishing a paper on this technique along with a reference implementation in the future. 

From this point onwards the entry data can be handled in the MSQ system in the same way as we handle any swimming meet. Standard checks that I’ve developed were against all entry times, looking to flag times that appeared to be too short(less than 20 seconds per 50 metres) or too long(greater than 2 minutes 30 seconds per 50 metres). I have plans to add automated checks against national and world record times, as well as against individual competitor personal bests, but there was not enough time to get these prepared for the PPMG2018 meet. 

The ultimate result of this was that we had one of the cleanest sets of entry data we’ve ever had for a Masters Games. All errors found in the draft entry lists were due to user error by the entrants. Quite simply they were caused by people typing in the wrong entry time, or selecting the wrong events or entrants not knowing how long it would take them to swim a particular event. 

There were some issues that carried over from the PPMG entry system. Where entrants had edited their entries on the PPMG entry system, the edits were not reflected in the exported data provided to sports organisers by PPMG. However this was easily rectified because I was able to publish draft lists and we had the time and capacity to make changes to entries before the start of the event. We were able to accepted several late entries and late changes, because our entry management systems were so efficient and refined. 

In the final days before the meet, I produced meet programmes for printing and extracted statistics about competitors for use in the handouts to competitors. PPMG Administration required full updates on any changes to the entries for the swimming competition, so I used Trello to manage my workflow. I created boards for To Do, Doing, Waiting, Done, PPMG Informed and PPMG Information Not Required. When a new change request came in via any channel(email, phone, etc), I immediately created a card for it in To Do. Where changes could not be actioned due to further information needed, these were put into Waiting, with notes about the next action required. Once complete each card was moved into Done. From there I made a decision on whether or not PPMG Administration need to be informed. If so, I emailed it to them in the next batch and once done moved the card to PPMG Informed. Otherwise I’d put the card into PPMG Information Not Required, for changes that PPMG Administration didn’t need to know about. This allowed me to keep PPMG Administration fully informed on all changes they needed.  

Unfortunately, there were some data corruption issues in the import this time. Some non-master’s member entrants were imported into the system as female incorrectly. This was quickly corrected before the day the meet started. It was isolated to just a small subset of the entries and they were able to be manually checked. The few that were missed were fixed when entrants checked the draft entry list. Others had club information not import correctly, partially because international masters were non-consistent about how they provided their club details. This would have to be resolved as the meet proceeded. 

During the Competition

During the competition I oversaw all matters related to event entries and results. Actual operation of the timing system(Quantum Automated Officiating Equipment or AOE) and the meet software(Hy-Tek Meet Manager 7) was handled by two highly skilled contracted staff members who work with the venue on a regular basis. 

My role was to act as an interface between Masters Swimming Queensland and the recording staff to ensure that MSQ’s needs were met. I was responsible for changes to the programme, entries and the integrity of the results. 

Where changes were to be made to the programme on future days, I would handle these each night after competition. Where a change was to be made in a future event on the same competition day, this was handled by the recording operator. Changes to the currently running event were delegated to the Marshalling team, who would then inform recording. This approach enables us to ensure that entrants are able to flexibly change their entries as needed. If a competitor arrives late for a heat, marshalling is able to put them into an empty lane from another heat. Provided the information is given to recording in a timely fashion, the scoreboard and result information can be immediately updated to reflect the change and to ensure that the correct person receives the correct change. 

I’ve always taken the approach that if I can accomodate an entrant’s request for a change, I will. I want the competitors to enjoy the event as much as possible, so they’ll want to return again in the future. Arbitrary rules based on perceived data management limitations prevent this. With the right team and the right procedures in place, result data management doesn’t limit changes to sporting event entries. In sporting events where individuals are competing directly by their own performance there is no good reason to not allow changes to programmes right up to the last minute.

Daily Routine

During a large swim meet my start of day routine is as follows:

  1. Check overnight scratchings and programme change requests. Action where possible.
  2. Produce a Meet Manager backup file for start of day, provide to Meet Manager operator.
  3. Produce Marshalling Sheets and provide to Marshalling, so they can get started with organising events and heats for the day. I also provide Marshalling with two copies of the programme.
  4. Produce Lane Sheets and provide to Chief Timekeeper, so they can be distributed to Lane Timekeepers.
  5. Produce programmes for the refereeing officials as necessary.

This order of processing ensures that the other teams working on the meet get what they need in order of priority. Recording takes the highest priority followed by marshalling. Marshalling needs to have heat swimmers organised 5-10 minutes ahead of their actual heat, so they need their information before other officials. After that the lane timekeepers need to have their paperwork so they can write down information on whether or not there was a swimmer in their lane and any changes to the expected swimmer’s identity. Finally the referees need programmes to know who they have in different lanes. They have the lowest priority however as if they need to they can work simply from heat number and lane number, referring to recording to find out the identity of the infracting swimmer. 

By following this start of day process, even when there are technical delays, I can help ensure the meet can get underway on time. 

Throughout the meet, I ensure that any recording problems are quickly resolved. 

Each afternoon at the end of meet I did the following:

  1. Get a copy of the backup from the main recording computer.
  2. Produce a report of all the day’s results with splits to be sent to the PPMG Administration and MSQ for posting on their respective websites. 
  3. Export interim results for upload to the MSA Results Portal.
  4. Action updates and changes known for subsequent days.


The other big task for me in my role as Chief Recorder is overseeing the organisation of relay teams. Normally this has been entirely done on the day at the PPMG. This year PPMG Administration allowed entrants to nominate and pay for relay entries when people entered the PPMG. This presented some challenges.

The MSQ Entry Manager system previously only tracked the overall cost and overall payment of an entrants entry to the entire swimming meet. This would not easily allow us to track relay nomination payments. 

I had to make some decisions about system design and business rules to enable tracking of these nominations and payments:

  • Nominating for a relay event does not automatically put you in a relay team. 
  • If you’re a member of a club, that club can see your nomination to know that you want to be in that relay event.
  • If your club put you in a relay team, in an event you’d nominated for, your nomination payment would be applied to your position in the team. The club would only need to pay the remainder for those members who had not already paid.
  • Your club may choose not to put you in their relay team for the event you nominated in. In this case you may be a member of an unattached team, and your nomination payment would be applied to your position in the unattached team.
  • If you’re not a member of a club, you can nominate on the day to be a member of a team, pay the nomination fee and we would attempt to put you in a random team.
  • Anyone can register a team of four people and pay the nomination fee for those members of the team who had not already nominated and paid online.
  • If you had nominated for a relay event, but not been in a team for that event, your nomination fee could be applied to your position in a team in another event. 

I upgraded the MSQ Entry Manager system to track the cost of event nominations and payments for those nominations. I created an interface to track those payments. I had planned to also allow new nominations and payments to be recorded, but this was not completed in the end due to time constraints and competing priorities. 

An existing interface from previous MSQ meets was used to show the cost of each relay team, and the payments made online for those relay entries. Now that the meet has been completed, I will be exporting these details to Excel spreadsheets so that total amount owed by clubs for relay entries can be calculated and invoiced via PayPal. 

Non-club relay team payments on the day were noted in a receipt book for future reconciliation. It would have been good to have this handled in the MSQ Entry Manager system, but again due to time constraints this wasn’t possible. 

In future events I’ll have this interface prepared and volunteers trained in advance to operate the relay tasks. 

The other part of relay nominations at PPMG meets is actually getting the team information into the Meet Manager system. Relay nominations can be entered directly into Meet Manager, but this is not a user friendly process and requires a second computer linked to the live Meet Manager recording computer.

At my first PPMG, I spent many hours entering paper relay team forms into Meet Manager. This process was laborious and difficult. Some people’s writing was unreadable. Forms were not completely filled out. Entrant names were not able to be found in the entrant list, or entrants had been entered into more than one relay team in the event. After this debacle, I built a new jQuery based relay entry system for PPMG16. 

At PPMG16 the new system mean that the volunteers at the Relay Desk directly entered entries into Entry Manager’s Relay Entries module. It would prevent people being in more than one team, and allow search and selection of relay team members from the competitor list. It enforced relay team rules, for instance club relays were only able to have members from that club, whereas unattached relays could have any entrant in them. The system was very successful at that meet and cut relay entry workload considerably. In the end it proved to be easier for the Relay Desk volunteers to take a paper form and then enter it into the computer later, than processing it in the computer at the time of presentation. However other rules I enforced, such as fully filling out relay forms before they could be accepted and requiring relay team contact phone numbers, meant that the desk was easily able to get all relay teams organised with limited involvement by me.

The new MSQ Entry Manager Club Relay Teams module
The new MSQ Entry Manager Club Relay Teams module

Once relay teams were created in MSQ Entry Manager, they were able to be downloaded as a hy3 file for direct import into Meet Manager. This meant no double handling of the already checked relay entry data and minimal errors. 

This time, there were less volunteers available for the relay desk, so on the first day of relays, I needed to spend most of the morning at the relay desk. This lack of volunteers and the early relay events on Day 2 made the day a bit of a struggle. However the system still performed well. Some international masters member club data corruption issues originating in the import of PPMG entrant data did require a small amount of remediation after import into Meet Manager, but the workload was still considerably less than if we’d done it the old way.

As previously mentioned, we intended to put people who had nominated online for a relay event into random teams if they did not find their own team. We did this on the first day of relay events. However many of the people we put into into teams never turned up at marshalling. On the remaining days we only put people who had presented to the relay desk into teams. There were no complaints about this change and it meant less stranded relay team members. 

The club data corruption also seemed to cause some problems with the scoreboard when relays were imported into Meet Manager. Entries are usually imported into Meet Manager using a hy3 file. Checking the hy3 files showed no differences between a hy3 file exported by Hy-Tek Team Manager and a hy3 file exported from MSQ Entry Manager. Yet after importing relays the scoreboard’s country field showed the club name, instead of country of origin. The issue had not appeared when the same system was used for PPMG16 and the MSA National Championships in 2017 at the same venue. Further analysis and testing will be required to remediate the problem for future events. 

This year I developed and deployed a new online relay entry module was for Masters Swimming clubs to use when registering their relay teams for the PPMG event. Instead of having to go to the relay desk with forms, Masters clubs were able to register a club captain who was then able to use an online interface to register their teams. The module was built using a frontend based on Bootstrap4. As this had to be implemented in our legacy Joomla CMS, the functionality was built using jQuery. Implementing the advanced functionality such a two-way data binding was more difficult in jQuery, but ultimately it was possible to provide a very modern, accessible and easy to use user experience. Over half the relay teams in the meet were registered via the tool and feedback from clubs was very positive. 

I will be reimplementing the new relay system in Angular and be part of the new MSQ Quick Entry system under development for future meets. This will allows us to retire the old Joomla CMS based entry system and give me the ability to implement new functionality more easily. 

Other Recording Functions

Another function I provide during swim meets is the delivery of statistics and meet information to the announcer. Records broken are provided where possible to the announcer to inform the competitors and spectators. This is secondary to my role of ensuring the meet recording runs smoothly. In this particular meet, due to various time constraints and lack of volunteers, I was only able to provide limited updates to the announcer. In future I’d like to organise a dedicated person in the recording team to provide such information to the announcer, PPMG Administration and media as applicable. This would mean that these functions continue even if I’m busy troubleshooting other higher priority issues. 

This meet was the second major event where MSQ has included Multi-class competition. Competitors with disabilities are able to compete in the same heats and events as able-bodied athletes and are scored in their own age group categories. This is something quite new for Masters Swimming in Australia and we still lack sophistication in this area. By and large the multi-class part of the event functioned well, but there were issues in registration and results publishing. Primarily these relate to us just not having a comprehensive understanding of how Meet Manager handles multi-class results, and not yet having a fully developed set of procedures. Through the lessons learnt out of PPMG18, I intend to develop a full set of procedures to be adopted at state and club levels, which will make our operation of future multi-class events easier and trouble-free. 

I’ve made contacts with Victorian clubs who are also involved with multi-class and intend to use the connections to work towards an effective nation-wide approach for multi-class recording in Masters Swimming. 

In Conclusion

Since the end of the event I’ve received a lot of praise for the way the swimming event was run at the Pan Pacific Masters Games 2018. This was a major team effort with huge contributions from Meet Director Shane Knight, MSQ Administrator Christina Scolaro, Susanne Milenkevich, Martin Banks and many, many others. I’d especially like to thank Liala Davighi for her help with relays. 

Over coming months I’m planning to consolidate the lessons learned and start building our systems for the next large MSQ events, starting with State Championships in 2019 and the Great Barrier Reef Masters Games. I hope to build an ongoing team in the recording space to ensure we can have world class data systems that allow MSQ to lead innovation in community sports events. 

Not many people actually realise all the work that goes into running a major swimming meet. There’s been months in the lead up, and there’s still weeks worth of work for me. I still have to provide official results to international Masters Swimming governing bodies and finalise relay reconciliation information to provide to our finance auditors. At least a couple more weeks of work in evenings and weekends outside my full-time job and family responsibilities. Hopefully this helps people understand what goes into running such an event.


Tasmania Holiday 2018 – Part 1

In late February 2018 we took our young family(2 3/4 years and 7 month old) to Tasmania to visit my Grandmother who lives in Pontypool on the East Coast of Tasmania. This blog post has a short listing of what we did and tips for doing a similar trip with young children.


Having two young children meant getting a lift to the airport wouldn’t really work for us. Also as we needed our pram and car seats in Tasmania, the AirTrain wouldn’t work either. So we decided to use an airport parking service. As it turned out there was a special on the Brisbane Airport ParkValet service. 

This option was fantastic for us. We were able to drive straight in and had plenty of space to unload the car seats and luggage from the car. There was also a concierge option that we probably would have taken, but it was only offered when we first booked and we couldn’t add it later. We didn’t really need it in the end though.

All our luggage and car seats unloaded at Brisbane Airport ParkValet
All our luggage and car seats unloaded at Brisbane Airport ParkValet

The Flight to Hobart

Our flights were on Virgin Australia, who helpfully let you take any baby related stuff on your flight without any excess baggage charges. We needed to book a seat for Lily as she is over 2, but Jasmine rode in Jacqui’s lap.

We got to board the plane first, with passengers who had special needs. This gave us time to get the kids on board, carry-on stowed away and everyone settled. Jasmine had a special infant seatbelt that attached on to Jacqui’s. She didn’t much like being strapped in and tried to squirm out as much as possible. 

On the way down Lily sat between us and I(David) sat by the window. Lily is prone to being very upset by loud noises such as motorbikes. However she was actually excited by the take off and wasn’t upset at all. We didn’t have any ear problems on the ascent either.

David, Lily, Jacqui and Jasmine on our flight to Hobart
David, Lily, Jacqui and Jasmine on our flight to Hobart

We were able to keep Lily amused with toys, colouring-in and for a short while the iPhone. She was a bit annoyed that she couldn’t access Netflix or ABC iView and didn’t like anything on Virgin’s entertain app. 

On descent Lily did get quite upset which we believe was due to pain in her ears. We did try a few things to get her to equalise the pressure but she wasn’t able to understand. She didn’t settle until just before landing.


On arrival we waited until everyone else was off the plane to get out, so we could pick up all the lost toys from under our seats. On the tarmac we saw a business jet from the USA that had been equipped with weather research equipment for the SOCRATES project, studying the interactions between clouds and particles naturally produced by the ocean, such as sea salt and biogenic particles.

National Center for Atmospheric Research aircraft at Hobart Airport
National Center for Atmospheric Research aircraft at Hobart Airport

When we walked into the terminal we were right in front of the Melbourne Demons AFL team arriving from Melbourne, so there was a WIN TV crew filming us. We were told that Jacqui and Jasmine appeared in the preview and sports news item about it. 

The Hobart terminal arrivals area is quite small so there was a massive crowd around the baggage carousel when I got there. I managed to find a spot near the end and was surprised that the pram and car seats which were taken in oversize luggage in Brisbane came out on the carousel. 

By the time I’d come back Lily had made a friend in the waiting area. The game had become that their daughter would give Lily a lolly, she’d give it to Mum because she didn’t like it, then Jacqui would pass it back to the little girl’s brother. This went on for some time while I organised the hire car pick up. 

Lily made a friend in the terminal
Lily made a friend in the terminal

Hire car pick up was a tag team effort as Jacqui and I swapped duties watching the luggage and filling out paperwork at the Hertz desk. Eventually we were all sorted and we left the terminal. The little girl Lily had befriended was quite upset by this. 

Hire Car

We thought we’d be smart and hire a larger vehicle for our trip. We’d had a struggle fitting our luggage into our Corolla, with one suitcase having to go in the back seat and the other blocking access to the pram in the boot. 

We hired a medium sized SUV, listed on Hertz as a Nissan Qashqai or similar. We ended up with a Mitsubishi ASX. Immediately I noted a problem. There was no way to fit a pram and suitcases in the boot. In fact all it would fit was a pram. Even if we removed the rear parcel shelf cover there’d still be not enough space to fit them and it’d be dangerous without a cargo barrier.

So it turns out a Toyota Corolla sedan actually has more cargo space than a medium SUV Mitsubishi ASX.

It took quite some time to get the car seats installed and adjusted. This was complicated by light rain at the time. One frustrating thing I found was that after I’d installed Lily’s car seat, the rear seatbelt was looped in the wrong place. So I had to try to move the seat forward without completely removing the car seat. After what seemed like forever and several escape attempts by Lily, we got in the car and headed off to go up the East Coast to Grandma’s place.

Brat Runs Amok on National TV

Today’s cutesy viral video is from the UK where a mother was being interviewed on TV with her two children. The younger toddler runs around the studio, climbing up on the desk and everyone ignores it. In fact everyone laughs and thinks it was cute!

As the father of two children under 3 I find this behaviour absolutely disgusting. Not the toddler’s behaviour, I know toddlers sometimes do run amok even with the best discipline and training. 

The problem I have with this is everyone’s reaction, especially the mother’s. It’s not okay to ignore such terrible behaviour in public. It’s not funny, it’s not cute, it’s unacceptable. 

You see this in public places every day. Parents are standing in the queue for a bank teller for instance, meanwhile their kids are terrorising the whole bank, climbing on chairs and counters, drawing all over forms and making too much noise. Usually the parents are completely oblivious to their little brats anti-social behaviour. 

Children must be taught that there are times where they must stand still and quiet with their parents. On several occasions I stood at the swimming pool holding my daughter’s hand while she pulled and screamed as we waited for her mother to get changed. She just wanted to run around and play.

However after consistently making her stand still and asking her to be quiet, now when I do this she does stand still with me and remain mostly quiet while waiting. She’ll also sit with me in a chair quietly and wait for long periods of time. Sure I often have to remind her to sit still and quiet, but she will do it most of the time. Yes she tries to test the boundaries, but with constant reinforcement it’s possible to keep her behaving. 

Courteous behaviour in public, respect for other people and their property and waiting are all major life skills that children need to learn. We do nothing to help them learn those skills by laughing at or calling it cute when they misbehave.

How to Restore an iCloud Backup to a New iPhone with 2 Factor Authentication

My wife recently purchased a new iPhone 7. We backed up her old iPhone to iCloud, then proceeded to start up her new iPhone, selecting the Restore from iCloud Backup option. We then hit a snag. 

I had enabled 2 Factor Authentication for iCloud access. This meant to be able to access her iCloud account from the new phone, she needed to provide a code that would be SMS’d to her iPhone. However has her number had been transferred to the SIM card in the new iPhone, this meant the SMS would go to the new iPhone, the one we were trying to set up. Because we were still trying to set it up, we couldn’t see the code. We also didn’t have any other phone we could put that SIM card in.

The only other option would have been to recover the iCloud account via an alternate method., which takes several days. Not what we wanted to do. 

After much frustration and a phone call to AppleCare, it turned out the solution is simple:

Select the Resend Verification option

The initial SMS was hidden and didn’t automatically advance us through the process, but tapping the option to resend the code enabled us to continue forward. We still didn’t see the message, but the phone automatically recognised it had been sent the verification code and allowed us to continue to restore the new phone from the iCloud backup.

Getting Started with Google AdSense

Here’s the companion resource links to go with my presentation on Network Live Virtually 30/05/2017 on earning passive income via Google AdSense

I also mentioned there are other better tools you can use for Keyword Research if you want to go to the next level. Here’s the tool I was referring to:

  • Long Tail Pro(affiliate link) – I have used a trial version and it seemed pretty good. I don’t use it right now as I’m not actively building new sites.

I’ll link to the presentation replay once it’s posted. 

JSON Feed – The New Way to Syndicate Posts

There’s a new way to provide syndication feeds for websites. JSONFeed does basically the same thing as the traditional RSS or Atom feed, but instead of using XML it uses JSON. The big advantage of this is that the file size of the feed is much smaller and processing of the feeds can be much more efficient. 

You can enable it now on WordPress using the JSONFeed Plugin for WordPress. You can find it by searching for JSONFeed via the Plugins->Add New option in the WordPress Administration Dashboard. 

Enabling the plugin will make your feed accessible via JSONFeed. You can see an example by viewing the JSONFeed. I’m not aware of any feed readers yet that use this, but you can be sure they’ll come soon. It’s a bit of a chicken and egg problem. I’m always keen on being an early adopter on things like this. 

My Site Moves to Amazon Web Services

I’ve finally moved my site onto Amazon Web Services. It’s now running on a t2.micro EC2 instance in Amazon’s Asia Pacific Sydney region. It’s using Amazon’s linux AMI, with Apache httpd. MySQL is served via an Amazon RDS MySQL instance. The domain is delegated to Route 53 for DNS. 

So far it seems to be faster than my traditional shared hosting and that’s without even looking at any particular optimisations yet. I’m going to try to get some metrics soon to prove it. I also plan to transition all my other sites across to this type of hosting. 

The only thing still running on the old hosting is email. Amazon still has a particular gap here. I could run my own email server, but I’d prefer not to. I’m going to look into some options though. 

Fitness and Swimming Goals

I’ve been pretty lazy and busy lately, so my fitness has dropped off. I got to 85kg, the heaviest I’ve ever been. So I’ve set a goal to get back to peak fitness again. 

Since I’ve been so busy with our baby, I’ve not been swimming as much. I used to swim at least twice a week and was state masters champion in some events. I’ve fallen a lot since then. In the last 12 months I have barely swum. For the last few months I’ve been swimming once a week when I can. Time to get back into it!

So as of today I’m 80kg, thanks to cutting back on sugar, particularly Coke, and walking a lot. I usually walk 8000 steps a day or 4-6km a day, according to my iPhone 6. 

Swimming Target

It’ll take a long time to get my distance swimming endurance back. However if I work hard on my strength and anaerobic fitness, I should be able to get back into sprinting quickly. I’ll need to improve my technique as well, as it’s not as good as it used to be. 

Here’s my goal:

To swim 50m in under 30 seconds by the end of 2017

I’ve never done it before. My personal best is 30.51 in the 50m Long Course at Somerville House on 17/03/2013 at the Masters Swimming Queensland State Championships. 

Bodyweight Fitness

I discussed Bodyweight Fitness in Reddit’s /r/bodyweightfitness. I quite like its philosophy. I’m planning to use it to improve my muscle strength. I’ve already started, using an iOS app by one of the people involved in the subreddit. You can find it here: The ultimate mobile app for Bodyweight Fitness.

Training partner

I did my first set using the app today, but didn’t make it all the way through. The exercises feel good though, and even my toddler daughter seemed to want to get in on it. Might have a training partner soon!